Achievements during the 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP) period
During the 13th FYP period, the energy efficiency of new urban residential buildings reached 75% in extremely cold areas; nearly 10 million square meters of ultra-low and near-zero energy buildings were constructed; over 514 million square meters of existing residential buildings as well as over 185 million square meters of public buildings were retrofitted for energy conservation; the renewable energy replacement rate in urban buildings reached 6%. By the end of 2020, the proportion of new green buildings in the urban new buildings in the year reached 77%; the cumulative area of green buildings constructed exceeded 6.6 billion square meters; the cumulative area of energy-saving buildings exceeded 23.8 billion square meters; the proportion of energy-saving buildings in urban civil buildings was over 63%, and the proportion of new prefabricated buildings in new urban buildings in the year was 20.5%. Tasks set by the State Council and those mentioned in the 13th FYP for energy conservation and green buildings were successfully achieved.
Firstly, we should advocate harmonious coexistence between human and nature with high-quality green buildings for a better well-being.
Secondly, we should peak carbon emissions in urban and rural areas before 2030 by raising the energy efficiency, optimizing its structure, with a cap of total energy consumption and carbon emissions in construction sector.
Thirdly, energy conservation and green buildings shall be customized to local strategies and targets, taking both new and old buildings, in urban and rural areas, into consideration and tailoring a development pattern with local characteristics.
Fourthly, we should provide more policy guidance in planning, standards and finance, and give incentives to attract market players while regulating their behaviors. By doing so, we aim to enable market to take a leading role in green and low-carbon construction sector with better quality and higher efficiency.
Lastly, we should cultivate a market for technological innovation in which enterprises are the main players with a synergy between them, universities and research institutes and a focus on green and low-carbon demands. We should also encourage breakthroughs of key technologies and international cooperation in such sectors.